Symptoms of blood diseases
Blood diseases may cause not only a lot of problems, but also can lead to death. What is more, they are very rarely diagnosed in the early stages of development. Many people live for years and they are not even aware of the risk they face, thinking that those are not the symptoms of blood diseases.
Many blood diseases can occur almost asymptomatic, revealing itself only in the later stages of development when it is already too late to do anything about it.
Experts note that many blood-related diseases are hereditary, so if there is someone in your family who was or is ill with such a disease, keep a close watch on your health condition: take blood tests regularly, consult with a hematologist (a doctor who specializes in blood diseases) to reveal the possible predisposition to the disease and preventive measures.
Diagnosis of Blood Diseases
The easiest way to diagnose blood diseases is a CBC (a general blood test). It gives your doctor the information about the level of hemoglobin, the number of erythrocytes, leukocytes, etc.
If at least one of the indicators will be above or below normal, you will have to run some additional tests to determine the cause. For the timely diagnosis of blood disorders it is enough to make a CBC once a year.
Types of Blood Diseases
Experts divide all blood diseases into 4 groups depending on which blood cells are damaged.
- The red blood cells. When anemia occurs their number is greatly reduced, and when polycythemia occurs their number is excessive. Chronic anemia leads to the overload of the heart muscle and it is a major risk factor for a heart disease. Polycythemia is dangerous because of the impaired blood circulation, blood clots may appear in the blood vessels and it may even lead to embolism.
- Platelets. The decline of platelets in the blood (thrombocytopenia) may cause bleeding, problems with control of the bleeding and the likelihood of a brain hemorrhage. When there are too many blood platelets (thrombocytosis), stem cells in the bone marrow cannot function well, which of course can affect the state of the whole organism.
- The white blood cells. An insufficient number of white blood cells (leukopenia) leads to a gradual weakening of the body. As a result people can catch any viruses and infections fairly easily, and various inflammatory processes begin in the body. Increased number of leukocytes in the blood is called leukemia or simply blood cancer.
- Plasma. There is also a group of blood disorders associated with plasma. These include an increased tendency to bleeding and blood incoagulability (hemophilia A), violation of the synthesis of antibodies and the lack of them in blood (agammaglobulinemia).
Blood Diseases: Major Symptoms
The symptoms of certain blood diseases somewhat look like the symptoms of stress and other disorders. However, you should always pay attention to the following symptoms:
- A general state of feeling bad for no particular reason;
- Shortness of breath;
- ·Pain in the heart;
- Tachycardia (increased heart rate);
- Change the color of the skin, pallor, or, conversely, redness;
- Itching is a specific symptom of some blood diseases;
- Blurred vision.
Note that blood diseases affect the entire body, causing exacerbation of chronic diseases, and do a serious damage to the immune system, therefore, when the symptoms listed above appear, you must consult a doctor and take a blood test as soon as possible.