One of the most serious and common diseases of the joints of the fingers is arthritis. This chronic inflammatory disease can affect a person regardless of his age. Arthritis causes painful sensations in the fingers, and without proper treatment it may cause swelling, deformity and destruction of joints, immobility of the hands and overall disability.
Arthritis of the finger joints of the hands may occur for a variety of reasons:
- Infectious diseases, including SARS and influenza, colds, tuberculosis and venereal diseases;
- A weak immune system;
- Injuries and traumas, surgery;
Arthritis could also be a hereditary pathology associated with structural features of joints. Relatives suffering from arthritis should regularly engage in the prevention of the disease.
The Symptoms of Arthritis
If you for some reasons have a tendency to arthritis, pay attention to possible symptoms:
- Swollen, tender and red skin of the fingers;
- Swelling and numbness of the joints;
- Numbness and tingling of the hands;
- Specific crunching and creaking of the joints;
- Stiffness of the hands;
- Sharp and severe pain in the fingers;
The pain in fingers during arthritis can worsen after some prolonged inactivity and immobility. It is also worth noting the possible increase in the body temperature observed in the acute form of arthritis.
Treatment of Arthritis
Treatment of arthritis depends on the nature of the disease and in all cases must be assigned by a physician.
In the acute phase the treatment is aimed at reducing inflammation. Your doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory medications in the form of tablets, ointments and creams, as well as intra-articular injections. In the case of the infectious nature of the disease the list of medications may be supplemented with antibiotics.
If the problem is rheumatoid arthritis, the treatment is formed on the modulation of the immune response.
In the case of gout the treatment actions are aimed at solving the problems of purine metabolism and decrease the concentration of uric acid in the blood. A proper diet can play a big role in this situation, supplementing medical therapy with uricosuric agents.
The treatment of arthritis of the finger joints continues during the remission period. The important part is the assigned diet and wrist exercises. To restore joints and their mobility, the doctor may prescribe physiotherapy. Depending on the prescriptions it may be heat treatments, mud or paraffin baths, ultrasound, electrophoresis or massage.
Already deformed joints could be fixed with the help of the splinting. Extreme measures incase of the destruction of joints are an arthroscopic surgery and total joint replacement.
Prevention of Arthritis
- Buy soft foam ball and exercise with it to improve finger dexterity and relieve numbness.
- Avoid working with one finger, holding and fixing your hand in one position; try to avoid long and monotonous work.
- Take care of your weight.
- Try to discard or minimize the use of alcohol. The same rule applies to the abuse of salt and sugar.