Kidney Disease: Pyelonephritis
If you have a sudden fever, a headache, a blunt back pain, if you feel weak and sweat excessively, you may have an acute attack of pyelonephritis – an inflammatory kidney disease.
The most common cause of pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection. This kidney disease frequently affects diabetics, people with a weak immune system and chronic inflammatory diseases. Another factor that provokes pyelonephritis is urolithiasis – a disease when the flow of urine from the kidneys is disrupted and in return it stimulates the growth of pathogenic microorganisms in it.
Pyelonephritis: Risk Group
Women of reproductive age are the most vulnerable group. The development of the disease is associated with early sexual activity, pregnancy or childbirth and quite often starts with acute cystitis (the bladder inflammation). Quite often pyelonephritis can be asymptomatic for years without affecting health, but eventually it may become chronic. Therefore, 18-30 year old women must listen to their bodies very carefully and not leave without attention such a typical kidney disease symptom as a dull pain in the lower part of the back.
Older men suffering from prostate cancer is another pyelonephritis target group. Adenoma impedes the flow of urine from the bladder and, respectively, from the kidneys. It stimulates the growth of bacteria.
In elderly and senile patients this kidney disease develops not in a usual way – local symptoms are either absent, or just trite.
Acute or Chronic Pyelonephritis
A kidney disease such as pyelonephritis, may begin acutely: with a dramatic increase of temperature up to 39-40°C, lower back pain (usually on one side), dizziness, headaches. Profuse sweating, nausea and vomiting are observed in acute pyelonephritis. Urinating in pyelonephritis’s uncomplicated form is not impaired.
Undertreated acute pyelonephritis becomes chronic, when you fail to get rid of all pathogenic bacteria in your kidneys . Chronic pyelonephritis can often be detected in the urine test or during the blood pressure measurement. Possible complaints of weakness, headache, lack of appetite, frequent urination, a disturbing dull pain in the lower back, especially in damp cold weather could be the symptoms of this disease.
Treatment of Pyelonephritis
Primary acute pyelonephritis requires hospitalization. Antibiotics are required to be taken as quickly as possible to eliminate the inflammatory process in the kidneys. A detoxification therapy is usually held. What is more, if immunodeficiency occurs in the process of the treatment, immunostimulants should be prescribed.
In secondary acute pyelonephritis (if you have difficulty urinating) treatment should begin with the restoration of the passage of urine from the kidney, it is essential. However, it may require operation: removal of the prostate adenoma, removal of kidney stones from the urinary tract, the urethra, etc. Often this surgery gives long-lasting disease remission without prolonged antibiotic treatment.
Treatment of chronic pyelonephritis is fundamentally the same as acute, but more prolonged and difficult. General treatment of pyelonephritis chronic kidney disease is complementary to Spa treatment.