Menopause in men as well as in women is a normal physiological phenomenon denoting the aging process and the decrease of the hormonal activity of the gonads. Male menopause is also known as andropause.
However, in men, these hormonal changes occur not as sharply as in women. Therefore, andropause is usually asymptomatic, hormonal changes happen gradually, step by step. That is why scientists have been arguing about the very existence of “male menopause” for a long time.
If a man feels some negative changes in his body, this condition is pathological and is called the climacteric syndrome. It is found in 20% of older men.
Male menopause: symptoms
The first signs of the decrease of the activity of the gonads may appear at the age of 45 to 70 years. All of the major symptoms of andropause are similar to the symptoms of pathological menopause in women.
- Disturbances in the cardiovascular system – headaches, dizziness, jumps in blood pressure, frequent palpitations, hot flashes, a feeling of tightness in the chest. During this period men are more likely to experience heart attacks and strokes;
- Disturbances in the sexual sphere, decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, rapid ejaculation, decreased quantity and quality of sperm;
- Neuropsychiatric disorders – fatigue, decreased performance, nervousness, irritability, memory impairment, sleep problems;
- Endocrine disorders –the function of the pancreas and thyroid glands can be disrupted during andropause. The risk of hypothyroidism and diabetes increases as well;
- Internal changes also affect the appearance– the skin becomes more flabby, the muscles are not as elastic as they used to be. Hormonal disorders can lead to the increase of body fat in the buttocks and thighs. Moreover, men may also feel that their breasts are too tender and swollen, sometimes they become to grow. This state is called gynecomastia – breasts development;
- Among other symptoms there are low energy level, lowered self-confidence, depression or sadness, difficulty concentrating, decreased motivation, troubles sleeping or even insomnia.
The length of the male menopause is from 3 to 5 years. During this period, men are prone to depression, often trying to change and their lives somehow. They are also trying to establish relationships with younger women. For any men it is a difficult period in his life, although it flows differently depending on the individual characteristics of the organism.
How to Ease Symptoms of Andropause
To smooth the period of climax in men you should ask for help the andrologist. This specialist will conduct an examination in order to determine the hormonal status. You may also need to visits the physician to assess the state of the cardiovascular system.
Most probably you will need some medications – hormonal medication, sedatives or even antidepressants.
Surely you can ease the unpleasant symptoms by yourself if you lead a healthy lifestyle: getting enough sleep, eating balanced meals, excluding alcohol and smoking.
Adequate physical activity and exposure to fresh air would also do well to your health during this hard period. Maintaining a normal weight will reduce the stress put on the cardiovascular system. What is more, it is important not to stop having a regular sexual life to maintain a healthy emotional atmosphere in the family.
With the appearance of adverse symptoms of the male menopause do not leave them unattended to prevent the development of serious complications, such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes. You should visit your doctor immediately and review your lifestyle.