How to recognize poisoning and help the injured pet.

Pets love indoor plants, even if those plants are not going to love them back. Therefore, you as the owner face a very entertaining quest – how to place your favorite plants and pets in one apartment.

But the main problem is not that a pet will eat a 100-years-old bonsai with no regrets; the problem is a deadly danger that may lurk in the poisonous leaves or roots of plants.

Nature gave animals the instinct for survival, a great sense of smell and vision, and the plants have thorns, poisonous juice and other small “surprises”, which allow them to scare off anyone who might cause them tangible harm.

Pets are often unable to distinguish useful plants from the harmful ones, that is why the task of the owner is to know what his pet can eat, and what is categorically forbidden.

This is especially true for puppies, kittens, bunnies, and other “fluffy stuff” that try to eat everything they find tasty. But if your adult cat or dog has a habit of chewing all that is hanging or growing, then be careful – maybe there is a plant in your apartment that can be dangerous for your fluffy friend.

ARACEAE

ARACEAE plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets ARACEAE 200x300Dieffenbachia, Monstera, Spathiphyllum, Anthurium, Epipremnum, Epipremnum, Syngonium, Philodendron, Caladium, Colocasia.

Some pet owners still believe that their pets know, what is harmful for them and what is useful, and if the ficus is being eaten, it means that the pet “does not have enough vitamins”. It is only partly true. Indeed, your pet may lack some essential vitamins, but his instincts, alas, are not that good as his wild predecessors’ ones.

What is poisonous: all parts of these plants (leaves, stems, flowers, roots). The juice contains toxic proteins and cyanide compounds, and even a small dose of these compounds may lead to the death of the animal.

The consequences: burns of the mucous membranes and throat. In case of the contact with eyes conjunctivitis or an irreversible change of the cornea may develop.

EUPHORBIACEAE

Euphorbia, Croton, Akalifa, Jatropha.EUPHORBIACEAE plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets EUPHORBIACEAE 248x300

What is poisonous: juice.

The consequences: burns, ulcers, inflammation of the mucous membranes, disorders of the nervous activity and dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.

Special considerations: the poisonous juice in the tissues of Euphorbiaceae plants is under pressure and appeares on the surface (and sometimes sprinkles) at the slightest damage, so place the potted plants out of reach of your pets.

SOLANACEAE

SOLANACEAE plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets SOLANACEAE 300x225 Capsicum (ornamental Pepper), Browallia, Brunfelsia, Solandra.

What is poisonous: the juice contains toxic alkaloids.

The consequences: nausea, vomiting, drowsiness.

Special recommendations: bright fruits can attract both pets and birds.

DOGBANE

Adenium, Oleander, Mandevilla, Catharanthus.DOGBANE plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets DOGBANE 300x244

What is poisonous: the juixe contains cardiac glycosides.

The consequences: serious cardiac abnormalities, and in severe cases the juice can cause the death of the pet.

ARALIACEAE

plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets ARALIACEAE 300x300Header (Ivy), Polyscias, Fatsia.

What is poisonous: the leaves and stems.

The consequences: disruptions of nervous activity including paralysis, cardiovascular system disorders.

Special recommendations: rodents are in the risk zone.

AMARYLLIDACEAEAMARYLLIDACEAE plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets AMARYLLIDACEAE 300x209

Clivia, Gippeastrum, Haemanthus.

What is poisonous: the bulbs contain alkaloids, a small part of which is present in the juice of the green parts (leaves and stems).

The consequences: the paralysis, the development of pathologies of the internal organs (Clivia is especially dangerous).

Special recommendations: rodents are in the risk zone.

HEATHER

HEATHER plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets HEATHER 300x199Rhododendron

What is poisonous: leaves.

The consequences: stupor, vomiting, delirium. Cardiovascular system disorders are also possible.

MULBERRY

FicusMULBERRY plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets MULBERRY 300x203

What is poisonous: the leaves contain poisonous juice.

The consequences: skin burns, when ingested – a kidney disease.

 

SEDGE

TsiperusSEDGE plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets SEDGE 300x225

What is poisonous: leaves.

The consequences: cardiovascular system disorders, renal failure.

Special recommendation: keep the plant away from cats, they like to eat its leaves.

COLCHICACEAE

GloriosaCOLCHICACEAE plants 10 Plants That Are Dangerous For Your Pets COLCHICACEAE 300x225

What is poisonous: all parts of the plant contain the colchicine alkaloid.

The consequences: bleeding disorders, severe kidney damage.

POISONING: HOW TO IDENTIFY THE SYMPTOMS

The direct indication of poisoning are nausea, vomiting, and a sharp change in a usual behavior (sleepiness or, on the contrary, overstimulation). Since pets can’t tell you about their health, it is the direct responsibility of the owners to “remember and be careful”. Remember how the animal usually behaves, and pay attention to it if all of a sudden the pet starts to behave unusually.

If the animal is behaving suspiciously, inspect the plants and if the leaves and stems have the bite marks, you must provide  first aid immediately and take the pet to the vet!

FIRST AID FOR POISONING

In cases of poisoning the most important thing is to remove poisonous plant parts away from the skin, mucous tissues or from the animal body as soon as possible. If the juice gets on the skin or eyes, they should be washed with plenty of water. If there is a suspicion that the animal had swallowed a piece of the plant, then the pet needs to be given a lot of water, and it is desirable to induce vomiting.

The next mandatory step is a visit to the vet. Do not expect that the animal can cure itself without any medical help! You risk the life of your pet. Be sure to keep the address and phone number of the nearest veterinary clinic at hand. Take a piece of eaten plants with you, so that the vet could identify the toxin and to appoint an effective treatment.