Parties, dinner parties, business meetings in the restaurant… Often the environment itself forces us to drink alcohol, but sometimes we get drunk too quickly, and this leads to not very pleasant consequences for health and for social interaction. What affects the degree of intoxication and how not to be unexpectedly more drunk than you planned?
Studies have shown that sometimes seemingly random factors have a great impact on how alcohol affects the brain and body. So, take a look at what these factors are, not to be in an unexpectedly unpleasant situation.
Get Rid of Soda
This fact was confirmed by researches. In one of the researches the participants drank the amount of alcohol equivalent to 3-4 cocktails in a short period of time. When drinking vodka with carbonated water, the maximum level of alcohol in the blood reached 0,077 ppm, and when mixing vodka with diet soda, it rose to 0,091 ppm.
Also, after drinking a fizzy drink, the participants performed computer tests worse, although their state of health and behavior did not differ.
Form is Also Important
It turns out that the shape of the glass, where an alcoholic beverage is poured, also may
influence the degree of intoxication. Participants of another study, conducted at Bristol University, drank beer two times slower when it was poured in a straight glass, not in a beer glass.Scientists have suggested that with curved glasses it is more difficult to measure the amount of alcohol consumed and the remaining beverage.
Pleasant Taste Brings Trouble
The taste itself can influence your behavior. When you want to drink a specific drink, even a small amount of it activates the reward system in the brain and causes the desire to drink again.
In a recent study conducted at Indiana University, participants were offered low-alcohol beer — their favorite beverage or Gatorade. All participants admitted that the taste of beer, not alcohol itself, caused a desire in them to continue the banquet, which was not the case with Gatorade.
When Counting Calories, Also Count Shots
Everyone knows that if you drink on an empty stomach you will get drunk faster. But it turns out that it’s not just because of the amount of food, but also because of its composition. Low fat foods also increase the risk of intoxication.
The fact that food with high fat content requires more time for digestion and it remains in the stomach longer, which slows down the absorption of alcohol from the gastrointestinal tract. So grandma’s advice to eat before the party a slice of butter has a scientific justification.
At the party choose nuts or oily fish as a snack, and low-calorie vegetable tartlets.
You Really Wanted to Have Fun
It turns out that the anticipation of events can play a big role in how drunk you feel. You really wanted to have fun and were looking forward to a night full of fun with your friends — your perception of yourself may differ from the reality.
In one experiment, people who were told that their drinks contained alcohol began to behave as if they were really drunk, whereas in fact there was no alcohol in their glasses. And vice versa.
The More Muscles, the Less Intoxication
It is clear that a six-foot jock gets drunk slower than a Thumbelina. However, even among people of the same height and weight the influence of alcohol will differ depending on the composition of their body.
The fact is that alcohol dissolves faster in fat, not in water, so the more the body has lean muscle mass, the less that person will be affected by alcohol. A higher percentage of body fat, on the contrary, increases the risk of intoxication.
Age Also Plays a Role
With age the speed at which alcohol dissipates in the digestive tract is much slower. So the older we get, the longer the toxins are excreted from the body and the stronger we get drunk from that amount of alcohol, which did not affect you when you were younger.